What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine leading to the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where bowel contents leave the body.
External hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids develop in the lower rectum. Internal hemorrhoids may protrude, or prolapse, through the anus. Most prolapsed hemorrhoids shrink back inside the rectum on their own. Severely prolapsed hemorrhoids may protrude permanently and require treatment.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood on stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement. Internal hemorrhoids that are not prolapsed are usually not painful. Prolapsed hemorrhoids often cause pain, discomfort, and anal itching.
Blood clots may form in external hemorrhoids. A blood clot in a vein is called a thrombosis. Thrombosed external hemorrhoids cause bleeding, painful swelling, or a hard lump around the anus. When the blood clot dissolves, extra skin is left behind. This skin can become irritated or itch.
Excessive straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus may make symptoms, such as itching and irritation, worse.
Hemorrhoids are not dangerous or life threatening. Symptoms usually go away within a few days, and some people with hemorrhoids never have symptoms.
How common are hemorrhoids?
About 75 percent of people will have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. Hemorrhoids are most common among adults ages 45 to 65. Hemorrhoids are also common in pregnant women.
Leeches treatment for hemorrhoids?
Leeches treatment has already been proven to be of help for patients affected by venous disorders. It may help reduce the ache and the swelling and heat felt from haemorrhoids and varicose veins, and can also dissolve blood clots that have formed before.
The saliva of leeches is contain good enzymes. They have anticoagulation properties that aid prevent blood from coagulating and thickening. Except for this, there may be an enzyme which breaks up shaped blood clots which are able to occlude the vein.
Those two effects function to make blood thin so that the blood can flow freely in the blood vessel. To additionally aid in this positive function, some other enzyme can act as an efficient vasodilator to allow higher blood circulation.
Saliva of the leech also has antibacterial effects, which helps sufferers who have open sores caused through the venous disorder. A leech treatment is very recommended in this disorder because has got quite uncommon effectiveness.
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